FBI director wants ISPs to track users

FBI director wants ISPs to track users

Robert Mueller becomes latest Bush administration official to call for
ISPs to store customers’ data.
By Declan

Staff Writer, CNET News.com
Published: October 17, 2006,
4:18 PM PDT

FBI Director Robert Mueller on Tuesday
called on Internet service
providers to record their customers’ online activities, a move that
anticipates a fierce debate over privacy and law enforcement in
Washington next year.

"Terrorists coordinate their plans cloaked in
the anonymity of the Internet, as do violent sexual predators prowling
chat rooms," Mueller said in a speech at the International Association
of Chiefs of Police conference in Boston.

ISP snooping time line

In events that were first reported by CNET News.com, Bush
administration officials have said Internet providers must keep track
of what Americans are doing online.

June 2005:
Justice Department officials quietly propose data retention rules.

: European Parliament votes for data retention of up to two

April 14,
: Data retention proposals surface in Colorado and the U.S.

20, 2006
: Attorney General Alberto Gonzales says data retention
"must be addressed."

28, 2006
: Rep. Diana DeGette proposes data retention amendment.

16, 2006
: Rep. James Sensenbrenner drafts data retention
legislation–but backs
away from it
two days later.

26, 2006
: Gonzales and FBI Director Robert Mueller meet with
Internet and telecommunications companies.

27, 2006
: Rep. Joe Barton, chair of a House committee, calls
new child protection legislation "highest priority."

"All too often, we find that before we can
catch these offenders,
Internet service providers have unwittingly deleted the very records
that would help us identify these offenders and protect future
victims," Mueller said. "We must find a balance between the legitimate
need for privacy and law enforcement’s clear need for access."

The speech to the law enforcement group, which
approved a resolution
on the topic earlier in the day, echoes other calls from Bush
administration officials to force private firms to record information
about customers. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, for instance, told
Congress last month
that "this is a national problem that requires
federal legislation."

Justice Department officials admit privately that data retention
legislation is controversial enough that there wasn’t time to ease it
through the U.S. Congress before politicians left to campaign for
re-election. Instead, the idea is expected to surface in early 2007,
and one Democratic
politician has already promised legislation

Law enforcement groups claim that by the time they contact Internet
service providers, customers’ records may have been deleted in the
routine course of business. Industry representatives, however, say that
if police respond to tips promptly instead of dawdling, it would be
difficult to imagine any investigation that would be imperiled.

It’s not clear exactly what a data retention law would require. One proposal would go beyond Internet providers and require
the companies that sell domain names, to maintain records too. And
during private meetings with industry officials, FBI and Justice
Department representatives have cited the desirability of also forcing
search engines to keep logs–a proposal that could gain additional law
enforcement support after AOL showed how useful
such records could be
in investigations.

A representative of the International Association of Chiefs of Police
said he was not able to provide a copy of the resolution.

Preservation vs. retention
At the moment, Internet service providers typically discard any log
file that’s no longer required for business reasons such as network
monitoring, fraud prevention or billing disputes. Companies do,
however, alter that general rule when contacted by police performing an
investigation–a practice called data preservation.

A 1996 federal law called the Electronic Communication Transactional
Records Act regulates data preservation. It requires
Internet providers to retain
any "record" in their possession for
90 days "upon the request of a governmental entity."

Because Internet addresses remain a relatively
scarce commodity,
ISPs tend to allocate them to customers from a pool based on whether a
computer is in use at the time. (Two standard techniques used are the Dynamic
Host Configuration Protocol
and Point-to-Point
Protocol over Ethernet

In addition, Internet providers are required
by another federal law

to report child pornography sightings to the National Center for
Missing and Exploited Children, which is in turn charged with
forwarding that report to the appropriate police agency.

When adopting its data retention rules, the
European Parliament approved U.K.-backed

saying that communications providers in its 25 member
countries–several of which had enacted their own data retention laws
already–must retain customer data for a minimum of six months and a
maximum of two years.

The Europe-wide requirement applies to a wide
variety of "traffic"
and "location" data, including: the identities of the customers’
correspondents; the date, time and duration of phone calls, VoIP (voice
over Internet Protocol) calls or e-mail messages; and the location of
the device used for the communications. But the "content" of the
communications is not supposed to be retained. The rules are expected
to take effect in 2008.

CNET News.com’s Anne Broache contributed to
this report.

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Toxic levels of ammonia may accumulate


Natural Food Supplements


Home > Amino Acids Home

What are Amino
Acids and What Do They Do?

Amino acids are the
chemical units or "building blocks,"
as they are popularly called, that make up proteins. They also are the
end products of protein digestion, or hydrolysis. Amino acids contain
about 16 percent nitrogen. Chemically, this is what distinguishes them
from the other two basic nutrients, sugars and fatty acids, which do
not contain nitrogen.

To understand how vital
amino acids are, you must
understand how essential proteins are to life. It is protein that
provides the structure for all living things. Every living organism,
from the largest animal to the tiniest microbe, is composed of protein.
And in its various forms, protein participates in the vital chemical
processes that sustain life.

Proteins are a
necessary part of every living cell in
the body. Next to water, protein makes up the greatest portion of our
body weight. In the human body, protein substances make up the muscles,
ligaments, tendons, organs, glands, nails, hair, and many vital body
fluids, and are essential for the growth of bones. The enzymes and
hormones that catalyze and regulate all bodily processes are proteins.
Proteins help to regulate the body’s water balance and maintain the
proper internal pH. They assist in the exchange of nutrients between
the intercellular fluids and the tissues, blood, and lymph. A
deficiency of protein can upset the body’s fluid balance, causing
edema. Proteins form the structural basis of chromosomes, through which
genetic information is passed from parents to offspring. The genetic
"code" contained in each cell’s DNA is actually information for how to
make that cell’s proteins.

Proteins are chains of
amino acids linked together by
what are called peptide bonds. Each individual type of protein is
composed of a specific group of amino acids in a specific chemical
arrangement. It is the particular amino acids present and the way in
which they are linked together in sequence that gives the proteins that
make up the various tissues their unique functions and characters. Each
protein in the body is tailored for a specific need; proteins are not

The proteins that make
up the human body are not
obtained directly from the diet. Rather, dietary protein is broken down
into its constituent amino acids, which the body then uses to build the
specific proteins it needs. Thus, it is the amino acids rather than
protein that are the essential nutrients.

In addition to those
that combine to form the body’s
proteins, there are other amino acids that are important in metabolic
functions. Some, such as citrulline, glutathione, ornithine, and
taurine, can be similar to (or byproducts of) the protein-building
amino acids. Some act as neurotransmitters or as precursors of
neurotransmitters, the chemicals that carry information from one nerve
cell to another. Certain amino acids are thus necessary for the brain
to receive and send messages. Unlike many other substances,
neurotransmitters are able to pass through the blood-brain barrier.
This is a kind of defensive shield designed to protect the brain from
toxins and foreign invaders that may be circulating in the bloodstream.
The endothelial cells that make up the walls of the capillaries in the
brain are much more tightly meshed together than are those of
capillaries elsewhere in the body. This prevents many substances,
especially water-based substances, from diffusing through the capillary
walls into brain tissue. Because certain amino acids can pass through
this barrier, they can be used by the brain to communicate with nerve
cells elsewhere in the body.

Amino acids also enable
vitamins and minerals to perform
their jobs properly. Even if vitamins and minerals are absorbed and
assimilated by the body, they cannot be effective unless the necessary
amino acids are present. For example, low levels of the amino acid
tyrosine may lead to iron deficiency. Deficiency and /or impaired
metabolism of the amino acids methionine and taurine has been linked to
allergies and autoimmune disorders. Many elderly people suffer from
depression or neurological problems that may be associated with
deficiencies of the amino acids tyrosine, tryptophan, phenylalanine,
and histidine, and also of the branched-chain amino acids—valine,
isoleucine, and leucine. These are amino acids that can be used to
provide energy directly to muscle tissue. High doses of branched-chain
amino acids have been used in hospitals to treat people suffering from
trauma and infection. Some people are born with an inability to
metabolize the branched-chain amino acids. This potentially
life-threatening condition, branched-chain ketoaciduria (often referred
to as maple syrup urine disease because keto acids released into the
urine cause it to smell like maple syrup) can result in neurological
damage and necessitates a special diet, including a synthetic infant
formula that does not contain leucine, isoleucine, or valine.

There are approximately
twenty-eight commonly known
amino acids that are combined in various ways to create the hundreds of
different types of proteins present in all living things. In the human
body, the liver produces about 80 percent of the amino acids needed.
The remaining

20 percent must be
obtained from the diet. These are
called the essential amino acids. The essential amino acids that must
enter the body through diet are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine,
methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. The
nonessential amino acids, which can be manufactured in the body from
other amino acids obtained from dietary sources, include alanine,
arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, citrulline, cysteine, cystine,
gamma-aminobutyric acid, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, ornithine,
proline, serine, taurine, and tyrosine. The fact that they are termed
"nonessential" does not mean that they are not necessary, only that
they need not be obtained through the diet because the body can
manufacture them as needed. And nonessential amino acids can become
"essential" under certain conditions. For instance, the nonessential
amino acids cysteine and tyrosine are made from the essential amino
acids methionine and phenylalanine. If methionine and phenylalanine are
not available in sufficient quantities, cysteine and tyrosine then
become essential in the diet.

The processes of
assembling amino acids to make
proteins, and of breaking down proteins into individual amino acids for
the body’s use, are continuous ones. When we need more enzyme proteins,
the body produces more enzyme proteins; when we need more cells, the
body produces more proteins for cells. These different types of
proteins are produced as the need arises. Should the body become
depleted of its reserves of any of the essential amino acids, it would
not be able to produce the proteins that require those amino acids. An
inadequate supply of even one essential amino acid can hinder the
synthesis, and reduce body levels, of necessary proteins. This can
result in negative nitrogen balance, an unhealthy condition in which
the body excretes more nitrogen than it assimilates. Further, all of
the essential amino acids must be present simultaneously in the diet in
order for the other amino acids to be utilized—otherwise, the body
remains in negative nitrogen balance. A lack of vital proteins in the
body can cause problems ranging from indigestion to depression to
stunted growth.

How could such a
situation occur? More easily than you
might think. Many factors can contribute to deficiencies of essential
amino acids, even if you eat a well-balanced diet that contains enough
protein. Impaired absorption, infection, trauma, stress, drug use, age,
and imbalances of other nutrients can all affect the availability of
essential amino acids in the body. Insufficient intake of vitamins and
minerals, especially vitamin C, can interfere with the absorption of
amino acids in the lower part of the small intestines. Vitamin B6 is
needed also, for the transport of amino acids in the body.

If your diet is not
properly balanced—that is, if it
fails to supply adequate amounts of the essential amino acids—sooner or
later, this will become apparent as some type of physical disorder.
This does not mean, however, that eating a diet containing enormous
amounts of protein is the answer. In fact, it is unhealthy. Excess
protein puts undue stress on the kidneys and the liver, which are faced
with processing the waste products of protein metabolism. Nearly half
of the amino acids in dietary protein are transformed into glucose by
the liver and utilized to provide needed energy to the cells. This
process results in a waste product, ammonia. Ammonia is toxic to the
body, so the body protects itself by having the liver turn the ammonia
into a much less toxic compound, urea, which is then carried through
the bloodstream, filtered out by the kidneys, and excreted.

As long as protein
intake is not too great and the liver
is working properly, ammonia is neutralized almost as soon as it is
produced, so it does no harm. However, if there is too much ammonia for
the liver to cope with—as a result of too much protein consumption,
poor digestion, and /or a defect in liver function—toxic
levels may
Strenuous exercise also tends to promote the
of excess ammonia. This may put a person at risk for serious health
problems, including encephalopathy (brain disease) or hepatic coma.

Abnormally high levels of urea can also cause problems, including
inflamed kidneys and back pain. Therefore, it is not the quantity but
the quality of protein in the diet that is important (see DIET AND
NUTRITION in Part One).

It is possible to take
supplements containing amino
acids, both essential and nonessential. For certain disorders, taking
supplements of specific amino acids can be very beneficial. When you
take a specific amino acid or amino acid combination, it supports the
metabolic pathway involved in your particular illness. Vegetarians,
especially vegans, would be wise to take a formula containing all of
the essential amino acids to ensure that their protein requirements are


Beware: These flee cat products sold at Wal-Mart are killing your cats

I think my cat Mr.
Skip is dying because of the Wal-Nut
(Wal-Mart) poison they are selling to treat the cat flees. (conclusion
me and my Vet did after our interview) What they
aren’t telling you at Wal-Nut is they are killing your cat to solve the
problem of the
flees. My cat got a bad liver now and he has jaunisse. He is throwing
up all his food for now 5 days. I saw a Vet, I am giving him medecine
but I think the friend I have for about 9 years will die, THANKS TO
WAL-MART !!!!!!!!!

Young shoppers want to pay with chip in skin

shoppers want to pay with chip in skin

Last updated at 14:13pm on
11th October 2006

Reader comments (5)

Some customers are willing to have microchip implants as a means of
paying in stores, a report out today says.

Teenagers are more open to the idea of having a
high-tech shopping experience, the Tomorrow’s Shopping World report

Around 8 per cent of 13 to 19-year-olds were
open to the idea of
microchip implants while 16 per cent wanted trolleys to be fitted with
SatNav systems.

This compared to just 5 per cent and 12 per
cent respectively
for adults asked the same questions.
Two thirds of teenagers and 62 per cent of adults questioned for
grocery think tank IGD’s report wanted self-scanning systems at shop

Some 7 per cent of people in both age groups
were willing to use biometric iris or retina recognition payment

On a more low-tech note, 61 per cent of adults
and 57 per cent of teenagers wanted staff to pack their bags in shops.

And a "cashless society" is not expected to
have materialised within the next decade.

The report says 39 per cent of teenage
respondents and 30 per
cent of adults said they would still be using cash in 10 year’s time.

It adds: "The current and future progress of
services in store is counter-balanced by the need for shopping with
some form of ‘human contact’."

One third of adults and 40 per cent of
teenagers wanted lots of staff involvement with the shopping

The report, sponsored by technology services
company EDS,
followed an IGD poll of 500 teenagers and a similar number of adults
about their predicted grocery shopping habits for the next decade.

Add your comment
View all
Reader comments (5)

Congress NOT Building Border Fence! Misleading Americans About Funding, Plans

This CONSERVATIVE ALERT is a special message from RightMarch.com:

Congress NOT Building Border Fence! Misleading Americans About Funding, Plans

6501 Greenway Parkway Suite 103-640 Scottsdale, AZ 85254 :: Phone (520) 829-3112
Lawmakers Pass Separate Bill to Kill Border Fence Construction Funding Sent Elsewhere!

They do not think you will notice or care about their trickery!!!

Excerpt from Washington Post Friday, October 6, 2006
"No sooner did Congress authorize construction of a 700-mile fence on the U.S.-Mexico border last week than lawmakers rushed to approve separate legislation that ensures it will never be built, at least not as advertised, according to Republican lawmakers and immigration experts."

GOP leaders have singled out the border fence as one of their premier "tough on illegal immigration" accomplishments of the recently completed Congressional session. Many lawmakers plan to highlight their $1.2 billion "down payment" on border fence construction as they campaign in the weeks before the midterm elections.

But it seems it is all smoke and mirrors to "fool the voters"!

The Minutemen aren’t fooled, and we need your help!

Shortly before recessing late last Friday, the House and Senate gave the Bush administration broad leeway to distribute the money to a whole host of other projects – not just the physical barrier along the southern border.

"It’s one thing to authorize. It’s another thing to actually appropriate the money and do it," said Sen. John Cornyn (R-Tex.).

The fine-print distinction between what Congress says it will do and what it actually pays for is a time-honored political maneuver to pull the wool over the voters’ eyes, and make them think problems are being solved that are NOT…

In this case, it also reflects political calculations by GOP strategists that voters do not mind the details, and that key players – including the administration, local leaders and the Mexican government – oppose a fence-first approach, analysts said.

The Senate Plan is clear…

1. Before the election, pass a last-minute smoke screen and head home to campaign, telling the voters Congress has secured the border…

2. Obey the Mexican President after the election – offer a blanket amnesty to millions of illegal immigrants for U.S. citizenship, and let illegal aliens, gangsters and terrorists have free access to American territory across our still-open borders!

Your continued help and support is needed TODAY to BUILD THE FENCE AMERICA NEEDS to PROTECT OUR NATION! We can only build as much you HELP FUND!

Mexican President Fox Opposes all Fencing
The President of Mexico Vincente Fox has railed against any fencing, calling it "shameful" and falsely comparing it to the Berlin Wall that the Communists built to imprison their subjected population.

A spokesman for President Vicente Fox predicted on Wednesday that the United States will probably never build 700 miles of new fencing along the border that divides the two nations. The Mexican government sent a diplomatic note to Washington criticizing last week’s U.S. Senate vote to authorize the new fencing. President-elect Felipe Calderon, who replaces Fox on Dec. 1, has also criticized the fence plans.

Minutemen Stand Up to Mexico and Build Security Fencing
Over the objections of Vincente Fox and the Mexican government, the Minuteman Civil Defense Corps is leading the way to build border security fencing. The fencing is being installed to demonstrate how it is an integral part of a total security plan that includes vehicle barriers, fiber optic sensors, cameras, anti-climb barriers and increased ground patrols to give the U.S. Border Patrol more operational command of our frontier.

Fences Do Work!
Fences in San Diego California have dramatically reduced trafficking – illegal alien apprehensions dropped from 202,000 in 1992 to less than 9,000 in 2004.

Fence post steel delivered near Bisbee, AZ at the Hodges Ranch 9/28/2006.

In Arizona, the Volunteers of the Minuteman Civil Defense Corps are already building security fences and vehicle barriers on private land using private donations, which have vastly diminished illegal intruders in our sectors. A multi-level design which includes anti-climb fencing, fiber-optic fencing, vehicle barriers and camera systems to observe and report will allow thousands of Minutemen to monitor the border day and night, 365 days a year.

Give what you can TODAY!

A new one mile segment of fourteen foot high, anti-climb Israeli style double fence barrier, with cameras and ground sensors is being installed at our current project at the Hodges Ranch. The Minuteman Border Fence will help local Arizona ranchers and landowners to make actual progress in the imperative task to secure the U.S. border and stop illegal aliens, criminals and terrorists from violating sovereign American territory.

Your continued help and support is needed TODAY! We can only build as much you help fund!

Donate to Build the Minuteman Border Fence

VOLUNTEER to Build the Minuteman Border Fence

Select www.minutemanborderfence.com for more information.

Be sure to send this to EVERYONE you know who wants to help STOP illegal aliens at the border NOW! We invite and welcome your assistance. Thank you!

Donate now and join those who have already added their name with an individualized metal name plaque to the Minuteman Border Fence.

Go to www.minutemanborderfence.com and join with us to build the fence – a real fence, not a political smoke screen – TODAY.

Sincerely for America,

Chris Simcox, President
Minuteman Civil Defense Corps

Donate to Build the Minuteman Border Fence

VOLUNTEER to Build the Minuteman Border Fence

The work of RightMarch.com is funded entirely by voluntary contributions. Help us spread the word with a donation to RightMarch.com!

The nightmare scenario of Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei

Last update – 04:28 10/10/2006

Analysis: A nightmare scenario of living under a nuclear threat

By Yossi Melman, Haaretz Correspondent

The nightmare scenario of Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), is becoming a reality. It is a vision of a fragile world living under a nuclear mushroom – nuclear arms spreading among countries until they fall into the hands of terrorist groups. Eight years after Pakistan and India surprised the world with their own nuclear test, it was North Korea’s turn. The implications of this development, on northeast Asia, the international community, and particularly on Israel and the Middle East, are great.

Concerns over the North Korean test, that was rumored to be pending for a week now, are not centered only on the threat to South Korea and Japan. The main concern revolves around the next country that will develop nuclear weapons. At this time, all eyes are turned toward Iran. How will Tehran interpret Monday’s events, and the responses that followed and will continue to follow in the coming days from the international community?

Iran may interpret the North Korean nuclear test thus: Pyongyang ignored world opinion; it ignored the UN Security Council, sanctions, and warnings issued by its neighbors, including the two major powers, China and Russia. Iran may conclude that a determined leadership, which ignores the world, even if it lacks the most advanced technologies and is economically limited, is able to withstand the pressure of a divided international community driven by national interests, and develop nuclear weapons.

But Iran is not North Korea. There are differences between the nuclear programs of the two countries. North Korea carried out its test as a result of frustration and a sense that it is not being taken seriously, especially by the United States. For North Korea, nuclear weapons are the means to ensure the Communist regime’s survival. It had declared its willingness to relinquish the fissile material it holds (now the bomb) if the U.S. would recognize it and sign a non-aggression pact with it.

For Iran, nuclear arms mean regional influence, a deterrent against external threats, and a tool in the hands of the regime for diplomatic and possibly territorial gains. But Iran’s determination is not driven by the same motives as those of the North Korean leadership, whose leader’s behavior makes no sense to most experts. Iran, on the other hand, aspires to acquire nuclear weapons, and only a severe response by the international community can stop it. Will the North Korean test serve as shock therapy for Russia and China to join the West against Iran?

Will the nuclear test step up an American military response to Iran’s nuclear ambitions? Some will say that the nuclear test will encourage the U.S. to now act with greater determination, with or without international consensus – in an effort to prevent the collapse of the Non-Proliferation Treaty via a domino effect. Others will point to the difficulties, which they will argue are greater than ever, facing a U.S. attack against Iran. How will the U.S. justify such an attack, which it did not undertake against North Korea?

In the Middle East, there is concern that a nuclear Iran will bring about a chain-reaction, with other countries, such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey following suit to balance the threat through the acquisition of nuclear arms. On the other hand, there have been examples of countries that have relinquished nuclear arms by choice: South Africa, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Libya. It is not unlikely that if the U.S. will show greater flexibility and agree to hold a dialogue with the "axis of evil" states, North Korea may agree to disarm in return for meeting the demands it posed four years ago: fuel supply, energy-producing nuclear plants, U.S. recognition of its sovereignty, and a non-aggression pact.

The Heart


"Tomorrow morning," the surgeon began,
"I’ll open up your heart…"
"You’ll find Jesus there," the boy interrupted.
The surgeon looked up, annoyed "I’ll cut your heart open," he continued, to see how much damage has been done…"
"But when you open up my heart, you’ll find Jesus in there," said the boy.
The surgeon looked to the parents, who Sat quietly. "When I see how much damage has been done, I’ll sew your heart and chest back up, and I’ll plan what to do next."
"But you’ll find Jesus in my heart. The Bible says He lives there. The hymns all say He lives there. You’ll  find Him in my heart."
The surgeon had had enough. "I’ll tell  you what I’ll find in your heart.  I’ll find damaged muscle, low blood supply, and weakened vessels. And I’ll find out if I can make you well."
"You’ll find Jesus there too. He lives there."
The surgeon left.
The surgeon sat in his office, recording his  notes from the surgery, "…damaged aorta, damaged  pulmonary vein, widespread muscle degeneration.

No hope for transplant, no hope for cure. Therapy:
painkillers and bed rest. Prognosis:, "here he paused, "death within one year."
He stopped the recorder, but there was  more to be said. "Why?" he asked aloud. "Why did You do this? You’ve put him here; You’ve put him in this pain; and You’ve cursed him to an early death. Why?"
The Lord answered and said, "The boy, My lamb, was not meant for your flock for long, for he is a part of My flock, and will forever be. Here, in My flock, he will feel no pain, and will be comforted as you cannot imagine. His parents will one day join him here, and they will know peace, and My flock will continue to grow."
The surgeon’s tears were hot, but his anger was hotter. "You created that boy, and You created that heart. He’ll be dead in months. Why?"
The Lord answered, "The boy, My lamb, shall return to My flock, for He has Done his duty: I did not put My lamb with your flock to lose him, but to retrieve another lost lamb."
The surgeon wept.. The surgeon sat beside the boy’s bed; the boy’s parents sat across from him. The boy awoke and whispered, "Did you cut open my heart?"
"Yes," said the surgeon.
"What did you find?" asked the boy.
"I found Jesus there," said the surgeon.
Author Unknown – Celebrate Jesus in 2006